By Nancy Goyal

“When written in Chinese the word ‘crisis’ is composed of two components. One represents danger, and the other represents ‘opportunity’ “

-John F. Kennedy


The COVID-19 pandemic has clearly caused a financial downturn and different disasters (like that to the wellbeing area and modern area). A Similar effect has been made to the lawful area of the country. Because of the cross country lockdown, The Supreme Court of India, pretty much every High Court has been briefly shut.Without precedent for the historical backdrop of the calling, the Apex Court of India and other subordinate courts are hearing issue practically, because of social removing standards.

This lockdown period is used utilized by the Judiciary of India as a chance to have a more evolved court framework and redesign the utilization of innovation in the legal framework. One of the ways for delivering some weight off the courts is setting up virtual courts. Presently, the inquiry that comes as a main priority is "what is a 'virtual court'? "Is it not the same as e-courts?

What are virtual courts?

Virtual Courts is an idea, pointed toward disposing of the presence of defendant or legal counselor in the court and for arbitration of cases on a virtual stage. The idea has been advanced to proficiently use court assets and to give prosecutors a compelling road to settle frivolous questions.

Virtual Court can be managed by a Judge over a virtual electronic stage whose jurisdiction may reach out to the whole State and capacity 24X7.Neither defendant nor Judge would need to truly visit a court for successful arbitration and goal.

Whereas, E-courts are somewhat of a subset to virtual courts, as they allude to the sites, and segments utilized to help the working of virtual courts. The sites, versatile applications and different other programming utilized for the computerization of the overall set of laws can be supposed to be a part of e-courts.

Achievements Achieved- India is moving towards the achievement of a framework, where there would be no necessity to visit a court face to face. Indeed, it's not off-base to say that we probably won't have these courts all things considered. "Virtual Courts" whenever executed appropriately will give time-bound and successful conveyance of equity to the citizens of the country. How about we see what all has been accomplished as of recently in the legal arrangement of our country.

E-court project

The task was dispatched based on the "Public Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology(ICT) in the Indian Judiciary-2005" which was presented by the e-panel of SC of India. The vision behind this arrangement is to acquire mechanical headways the working of Courts. The proposed exercises of this task were isolated into 2 Stages:

Phase 1

Stage 1 of this task, (what began in 2007) the fundamental point was to start the execution of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in the legal framework. This was finished by furnishing courts with offices like PCs, working web association by means of LAN (Local Area Network) and required programming and equipment (like printers, scanner, and so forth)

Aside from this, the appointed authorities were given PCs with the web, advanced marks were presented and area court sites were made utilitarian. Through these sites, residents could check the situation with their case, day by day request sheets and last requests as well


Phase 2:

Stage 2 was ordered with the assistance and participation of the e-Committee, NIC, the DoJ (Department of Justice), DietY and the Ministry of Finance. The infrastructural model was changed and computerization was done in the workplaces of DLSA (Delhi Legal Services Authority), NJA (National Judicial Academy), SJA (State Judicial Academy) and Taluka Legal Service Committee.

A typical programming stage known as CIS (Case Information Software) has additionally been made, with which all the court information will be transferred including the previous cases. Video conferencing offices in courts and prisons are in their last stages.

Portable applications like e-Court administrations for District and Taluka courts, JustIS Mobile App for legal officials have additionally been made. Stage 2 achievements additionally incorporate sites like e-Filing through which residents can record their case from home, check ongoing case status, make court expense installments by means of e-Pay office.

Before the finish of Phase 2, there will be stopping of manual registers, the presentation of a cloud-based framework for all court-related work and digitalization, everything being equal, regardless of whether forthcoming or chose.

Possibility of virtual courts in future

Before we proceed about the chance of virtual courts in India, it's smarter to have a thought regarding what all can be accomplished by the foundation and legitimate working of these virtual courts.

Establishment of virtual courts will bring about complete computerization of the court framework, and the residents can take the advantages of offices like video conferencing, e-recording, and so on. A virtual court will empower the use of online endorsements or computerized marks, and a more defendant amicable UI can be set up in the legal arrangement of our nation by having a legitimate data set of forthcoming cases, orders, and so on.

Presently, to accomplish this, it is sensible to examine the chance of such virtual courts sooner rather than later and to foresee how 'close' is this not so distant future that we are discussing. This should be possible after we read about the advantages and disadvantages of virtual courts.


There are so many benefits of era of virtual court but there are some basic and common benefits of virtual courts which can help in deciding the future of virtual courts in India. Some of them are:

ü It is simpler for everybody to plan a specific time for a conference. There is less looking out for different cases to wrap up. In the event that an adjudicator needs to reschedule or delay a meeting, everybody can stand by in the solace of their home.

ü There is no compelling reason to travel. This saves money on movement costs and time. There is no compelling reason to hold a room in the town hall or an office. There is additionally less need to stress over security, stopping, lines, and different bothers.

ü Presenting shows. By and large, with remotely coordinating, the legal counselors need to have every one of their displays arranged (ahead of the conference/meeting) so they can be shipped off the adjudicator for survey and to restricting guidance.

ü Perhaps the greatest benefit is the adaptability of the court to work day in and day out. There is a tremendous excess of cases in court, and the postponement in equity prompts an absence of confidence by the residents on the legal executive.


Every coin has two i.e. its advantages and disadvantages. So is the situation with 'virtual courts' in India. It may seem like the best and the conceivable method to create and overhaul the lawful local area of India, and that it has no weaknesses included. Nonetheless, that isn't the situation.

ü There will be different lawful issues identified with the relevance and validness of the personality of witnesses, proof created under the watchful eye of the court, and so on.

ü Control issues. It very well might be more hard for an adjudicator to control a virtual court than an actual court. Judges can't perceive what's happening in the background of the camera focal point.

ü Aside from this, one significant viewpoint which gets unseen is that, will speedier equity bring about decay of the nature of equity? We need to ensure that the rapid conveyance of equity doesn't cost us the proficiency and adequacy of equity.


Subsequent to investigating everything in an exhaustive way, we can be guaranteed of the way that Yes, Every emergency brings another chance. A chance to create and overhaul ourselves, a chance to make ourselves invulnerable to the issues and preventions which may come in our manner later on. Comparable was the situation of things to come of 'virtual courts' in India. We prior brought up an issue, that how 'close' is this future. All things considered we discovered the appropriate response. It's alright to say that the rough estimate would be 1-2 additional years, and we can see a grounded working arrangement of 'virtual courts' in our country.

Nonetheless, this can be accomplished just on the off chance that we remember the impediments which are in our manner and how we can eliminate them. The motivation behind why India is as yet not having an undeniable arrangement of virtual courts is a direct result of different provisos that exist in the execution system.

The lawful society of our nation incorporates prosecutors, law offices, legal officials, and each staff working in this field. What's more, for the turn of events and headway of one foundation, it's significant for the others likewise to update themselves.

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